“Not long ago the body of a young girl lay crushed on the sidewalk after a plunge from a Chicago apartment window. Everyone called it suicide, but actually it was murder. The killer was a narcotic known to America as marijuana, and to history as hashish.
Used in the form of cigarettes, it is comparatively new to the United States and as dangerous as a coiled rattlesnake. How many murders, suicides, and maniacal deeds it causes each year, especially among the young, can only be conjectured.” – Harry J. Anslinger (July 1937 as published in The American Magazine.)
The campaign to pass, The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 (August 2, 1937) was a success, even though the American Medical Association (AMA) opposed the act because of the tax burden that would fall on those physicians prescribing cannabis, retail pharmacists selling cannabis, and medical cannabis cultivation and manufacturing. Nevertheless, after only one congressional hearing, the act was passed and it was not until 1996 that California passed the first state law, permitting the distribution of medical marijuana under the Compassionate Use Act of 1996 (Proposition 215).